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Tag: Eighty Years War

Great Game Previews In History: 24 October 2014

by J.R.

Today In History

Perhaps the most important treaty in human history is signed as the concept of the modern nation-state is born with the signing of the final bits of the Peace of Westphalia October 24, 1648.

Coming at the end of a massive diplomatic congress — delegations were sent from 16 European states, 66 states of the Holy Roman Empire (which represented 140 total Imperial states), and 27 interest groups representing 38 interest groups — the three treaties of Westphalia ostensibly ended the Thirty Years War between the Protestants and Catholics in the Holy Roman Empire and the Eighty Years War between Spain and the Dutch.

What it, in fact, did was create the modern notion of sovereignty, a primary export of Western Europe for the ensuing 300 years.

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Great Game Previews In History: 1 April 2014

by J.R.

Today in History

The Recapture of Bahia begins on April 1, 1625 as a combined Spanish and Portuguese force made an effort to take back the Brazilian port town of Salvador da Bahia from the Dutch during the Eighty Years War (these countries, incredibly, were world powers in the 17th century and boy does that seem weird).

In May 1624, Dutch West Indies Company forces commanded by Jacob Willekens captured Bahia from the Portuguese. Philip IV, king of Spain and Portugal, ordered a Spanish-Portuguese fleet set sail with the objective of recovering the city. Sailing from the port of Lisbon under the command of Fadrique Álvarez de Toledo y Mendoza, the fleet crossed the Atlantic.

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